A large population of weeds are known to inhabit the Northeastern part of the United States. These weeds are of vital significance as they offer several benefits to humans and also represent a threat to both the flora and fauna of the surroundings. Many of these native Northeastern weeds are used in food and several are of medicinal importance. Different species of these common weeds are known to have harmful effects on plants and some poisonous weeds are a potential hazard to the livestock which feed on the surrounding foliage.
Most of the Northeastern native weed species bloom in the fall; however there are still many which exhibit rapid growth during the summers. Following are a few common weeds native to the Northeast.
Brought to the US by English settlers, the Ground Ivy or Creeping Charlie is used as a household herb. Its botanical name is Glechoma hederacea. Unlike most of the weeds, the Ground Ivy proves to be beneficial to humans in several ways. It was used to add flavor to beer before the introduction of hops. Due to the high iron content, the weed is an added in compost piles. It is a spreading weed and blooms bluish-purple flowers from May to July. The Ground Ivy is commonly found in lawns and orchards and grows best under shady and moist conditions.
This hardy northeast native weed also has a Eurasian origin. Plantago major or broadleaf plantain is mostly found in pastures meadows and lawns and prefer rich moist soil. Small tubular flowers also grow from June through September. It can attain a maximum height of 8 inches. The leaves of the weed are quite tough and broad. Broadleaf plantain is also used in food and poultice of the crushed leaves of this weed are applied to relief the pain of insect sting or poison ivy itch.
It is commonly known as Redroot Pigweed and is usually found in cultivated fields, yards and waste-grounds. This weed has a South American origin and is known to be poisonous to cattle. Redroot pigweed grows to a height of 6 inches and small green flowers blooms from August till October. This common weed exhibits rapid growth in rich soils. Weed killers such as Preen may be added to the area to ensure weed control for longer periods.
Convulvus arvensis or Bindweed is considered to be one of worst top 10 weeds in the Northeast. It can be a menace if growing in the garden settings. Attaining a height of 10 inches, this pesky weed has rapid root growth which favors its survival for longer times. The bloom time is from July to September. During his time white or pink funnel shaped flowers grown on the weed. Sandy soils are favorable for the growth of bindweed. Effective herbicides can be used to destroy this weed however it may not always be useful as the seeds of the weed may be able to sustain for over 50 years. Mulching appears to be a better option though.
Bruce, Cheryl ., and Luchini, Adrea. “Common Weeds of Northeastern US”. pss.uvm.edu