Couples who have tried to conceive for longer than a year without success are considered to be infertile by standards used by most fertility and pregnancy professionals. If a woman has multiple miscarriages this too may also fall into this infertile category. The journey towards conception is a long process that involves many events that must be successfully navigated if a successful pregnancy is to be achieved.
In order for pregnancy to occur there must be a successful journey:
The journey begins with a successful menstrual period, which includes ovulation.
Viable eggs must be released from at least one of the ovaries of the female.
An egg must be able to travel through the fallopian tube and enter the uterus.
The male’s sperm must be of good quality and be able to be mobile enough to make the journey to the egg and to be able to fertilize the egg.
Once the egg is fertilized it then must finish it’s journey and successfully attach to the inside of the uterus which has been properly prepared to receive the fertilized egg.
If any part of the journey is not completed successfully pregnancy will not occur or a miscarriage may happen to end the pregnancy.
There are many things that can stop a successful pregnancy from occurring with the most common problems being blocked fallopian tubes, problems with the uterus, sperm mobility issues, poor sperm quality, or no sperm. The problem may also be that the woman has irregular periods or does not release eggs or the eggs are of poor quality.
A male can increase his risk for infertility problems if he drinks alcohol, uses drugs, is exposed to environmental toxins such as lead or pesticides, uses tobacco products has undergone radiation or chemotherapy treatment. A female may have an increased risk for infertility if she older than 45 putting her at increased risk for miscarriage and also if she has irregular menstrual periods, suffers from endometriosis, has had more than one miscarriage or has ever had pelvic inflammatory disease.
Sometimes even after exhausted testing no cause for why a couple can’t conceive occurs and the couple may be told they have ‘unexplained infertility’. This news is devastating to a couple desiring to have a baby. At least when a problem can be identified it is possible to be given a treatment plan that will help the couple to achieve a successful pregnancy.
Infertility issues can cause relationship strain, and put financial pressure on the household budget if insurance is inadequate for fertility treatments.
MedicineNet.com Infertility http://www.medicinenet.com/infertility/article.htm
Definition of infertility http://www.ivf-et.com/glossary.htm