Eyes, ears and noses are interconnected and for this reason an illness such as flu can affect all three areas. Other ailments can affect the individual part.
Strange Problems with Eyes
There are various conditions that may affect the eyes in a variety of ways. Here are some of the more unusual ones:
• A prominent crease in the lower eyelid can be a sign of eczema which is often associated with asthma and hay fever
• Bulging eyes where the white is visible above and below the iris is often caused by an overactive thyroid
• Yellow eyes may indicate jaundice, pancreatic cancer, sickle cell anemia or yellow fever
• A yellowish-white ring around the iris is a common sign of aging. The ring is composed of cholesterol deposits
There are three types of professionals who work with eyes. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of the eye. An optometrist tests for eye problems such as glaucoma and cataracts and can prescribe glasses, contact lenses and other vision aids. An optician specializes in making and adjusting eye glasses and other vision aids from a prescription.
Strange Problems with Ears
Ears not only help with hearing. They also play a vital role in balance.
• A diagonal crease on the earlobe may be a sign of a familial tendency to heart disease or diabetes
• Earwax protects ears from water, fungus and germs
• Itchy ears can be a sign of allergies, eczema, an infection from swimming or the result of cleaning ears too vigorously with a cotton bud
• A yellow pus-like discharge can be a sign of a middle ear infection or a perforated ear drum
• Persistent ringing in the ears is called tinnitus and can be a permanent condition in many cases
Professionals who work with ears include otalaryngologists who specialize in diseases and disorders of the ear nose and throat, otologists who have additional training in ear disorders and audiologists who test and treat hearing problems.
Strange Problems with Noses
Noses enable a person to smell but also affect taste. A blocked nose will mean that food is bland and tasteless.
• Red noses can be a sign of colds, allergies, sunburn or alcohol abuse
• A bulbous nose is often a severe form of rosacea that causes a thickening of skin and an increase in oil glands
• Snoring may be a sign of obesity, a deviated septum or enlarged tonsils or adenoids
• A foul smell can be a sign of ozena, a chronic disease where the nasal structure becomes atrophied
Experts dealing with noses include otalaryngologists who specialize in diseases and disorders of the ear nose and throat, rhinologists who have extra training in nose and sinus problems, and allergists.
Eyes, ears and noses allow sensory input and enable people to see, hear and smell. Any impairment of these functions can be distressing. There are health professionals who have specific training in treating problems of the eyes, ears and nose and these should be consulted if any worrying symptoms arise.