More than a half decade ago, the Self-esteem Inventory I have used for my baccalaureate research was modified from the copyrighted book of Dr. Lois Janda in 1996, who is currently a psychology professor in Virginia and a practicing clinician specializing in relationship issues and couples therapy. In an excerpt from his book “The Psychologist’s Book of Self-tests,” “This book has collected 25 actual personality tests developed by psychologists for professional use.”
Over the past decade there are estimated 6,000 psychological tests have been developed and Dr. Janda, working with fine professionals in the field of psychology around the world has discovered that many of the tests developed were excellently made but never been copyrighted. In the book of Dr. Janda, he deliberately informed working professionals and common people (clinicians, researchers, business industry, education institutions and publishers) that tests which he included in this book are true psychological tests – this means that established principles of test construction were used in their development and information is available to give you reasonable idea as how oneself may be compared to others. Many of the tests we see in popular magazines are not really tests at all and the guidelines given for interpreting scores are nothing more than a reflection of the opinion of the preparer as to “what should be” rather than “what really is.”
All tests in this book including Self-esteem Test are TRUE PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS developed by Research Psychologists using normal population (young adult norms were used). The guidelines used in this book are based on empirical results. They collect information about the responses of large numbers of men and women so that subsequent test-takers can have a basis for seeing how they stand relative to others. This original group of men and women, called a standardization sample, provides the information that is used in developing norms. So norms are the summary of the scores of a large group of men and women that allows us to make a comparison – a comparison between individual score and that of a standardization sample.
The 25 tests included in the book of Dr. Janda are essentially could stand alone. These tests are fundamentally designed for individual respondents where they can get the interpretation of their scores by percentiles which are already provided. Speaking of the test mechanism of Self-esteem Inventory, Dr. Ryden included a Lie Scale Assessment which is included on some items of the test and was intended to identify people who were trying to present themselves unrealistically favorable light.
This inventory however can be adapted for succeeding scholarly researches where there might be the need to facilitate it to group respondents. Researchers may only adjust the test mechanism to fit in to group respondents by test-retest facilitation to establish validity of results, no need to include items for Lie Scale and to clearly express numerical scale, researchers may used the four scale points or more to establish the strength of the questionnaire to draw closer to accurate outcomes.
In performing research investigations with reference to self-esteem assessment to young adults, this can be a great benefit to all of us. Parents, educators, students, researchers and the general society may consider accounts concerning this topic as a valuable reference, as a helpful guide book and as an inspiring research account for understanding basic knowledge about adolescents, their needs, and functions of self-esteem and purpose of family support that becomes a backbone of the developing individuality of all young people of today.
For parents, this will serve as their guide in understanding the dilemma being suffered by young adults and how to solve conflicts, learn acceptance and empathy and how to get involved to the world of adolescent people. This way parents can establish connection to their sons and daughters and make helping them to feel energize and confident with motivation, direction and overall family support. Eventually their self-esteem would dramatically increase to the highest level possible.
For educators and students, this will provide insight to them to clearly comprehend why this stage is very critical and sensitive and it may serve as reminder of exerting effort to adjust so that long-term relationship can be successful establish. This book can be shared through educating other people about it and to the most difficult parts of this stage, they can cope up despite of stress and frustration.
For researchers of the undergraduate and graduate study, this account would support future studies related to this issue and also as a technical guide to help them overview the importance of using appropriate design, statistical tools and instrument to come up with the most reliable and valid results. For students who are new to research writing, this material can be their direction to realize the importance of constructive decision to generate appropriate design and measurement needed for a research, preparation for developing instruments like interview and questionnaires, and to study how books and other related literatures are being reviewed in a systematic order. The result is truly for the strengthening of the skills and maximizing the capabilities of the students to do research works.
For the society, this would lead to realization of responsibility towards adjusting to adolescent community and how to help them to adjust against their changing environment and this piece of information would encourage the community to motivate young people in all possible way to strengthen their personality and be socially productive people while facing the most difficult situations in their lives.