Anthracnose is a fairly common, but pretty serious disease that affects all sorts of plantation, especially trees. It also affects crops like tomatoes. The disease is caused by a fungus that invades its host, generally the fruit or bark of a plant. The fungus that causes Anthracnose in tomatoes is called Colletotrichum coccodes.
Since Anthracnose is caused by a fungus, eating this fungus could result in some seriously ill side effects. It is imperative to understand when the crop you are eating has this disease, as it could have extreme negatively adverse effects on your body.
Some ways to tell if a tomato or tomato plant has Anthracnose is by its appearance. The fungus will show definite physical signs on the fruit of the plant. It will not show physical reflections of the disease until the tomato is ripe, and a tomato plant becomes more and more susceptible to this disease as it ripens, according to http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/factsheets/Tomato_Anth.htm.
The physical signs of Anthracnose in a tomato plant are as follows:
1.) Any small, dark, watery, sunken spots on the fruit. This is a sign that your tomato is “rotten” or has the disease.
2.) Salmon colored spores. This is how the fungus is released into other fruit and stays through its lifecycle. The fungus has the ability to last through the winter as
well. The spores occur where the small dark spots begin to form through rotting.
3.) Alternative organisms
If there is anything else living inside your tomatoes, just watch out and throw it away! This is an instant sign of some form of rot or decay, if not caused by Anthracnose.
Anthracnose is extremely common is tomatoes that are grown in New York, says http://vegetablemdonline.ppath.cornell.edu/factsheets/Tomato_Anth.htm.
It is extremely easy for any fungi to develop and expand rapidly in sitting moist areas, so Anthracnose is especially prevalent in damper soil. To ensure that your soil doesn’t stay too damp with one set of water, you have to keep it well drained. It is best to do this through a couple of options.
1.) Keep your tomato plants in the air
There are a lot of ways to do this, like putting them in a pot and hanging it. There are also a lot of great products that are coming out for keeping your tomato plants fertilized and up in the air so that they can grow down as a vine, such as the Topsy Turvy tomato grower you can find here: http://www.topsygardening.com/.
There are a lot of similar products to this one that you can find all over the internet and at gardening stores in your local area.
2.) Keep your tomato plants on a slanted area.
This will help to drain the water that runs through your soil. It will prevent any water from sitting in one spot too long, and thus eliminate the chance of fungus growing to profusely. This is also a more “natural” version of growing tomatoes than the whole “upside-down growing” thing.
Apart from this natural drainage method, if your tomato crops are being bombarded with Anthracnose for some reason, you can always use an anthracnose fungicide to kill the fungus. Try to use a DMI fungicide plus chlorothalonil. This can help to kill the fungus really well.
I would also recommend to be wary of this during your fertilization process. If it really is bothering you, for your next batch of crops try to fertilize with nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. This can make undernourished soil help fight off the disease.
These are a few ways that I have tried to kill the disease, but I haven’t had too much trouble with it. Let me know if these work for you, especially if you have been having trouble with this fungi.