Nowadays everyone looks online for current news and updates, but the newspaper used to be the only way for information to pass on from city to city. Most people knows what the newspaper is, but not many people knows how the newspaper is created, yes it sounds simple, but it is harder than it sounds. This process is written based on the experience from being on staff on a high school newspaper writing course. Although it was for a class, all students were very dedicated and serious about newspaper writing.
First, people writing the newspaper has to be very dedicated and have a passion for writing.
The first step in creating the newspaper writing process is to brainstorm ideas. The group of students will gather around listing possible story ideas as well as interesting events that they have heard around the school. A scribe will frantically write down all story ideas for further reference.
Then the class will divide into sections of the newspapers including News, Feature, Opinion, Arts and Entertainment (A&E), Cheeky (not present in actual newspapers, but Cheeky is a very light-hearted cheerful and fun section for students to read), and Sports.
Each group will list out exactly what should be included in the next edition. For example, it the Feature section, the feature editor will decide what events or people should be featured and so on. The sports section is the hardest to decide because by the time the newspaper is published, the event had already happened a long time ago. Thus, the angle of the sports articles must be unique, preferably more based on featuring certain outstanding athletes in different sports rather than how a specific game went.
Next, the editors in chief will decide on exactly what articles will be included in the next edition, they will plan out what article will go on each page, how many pages will be dedicated to feature or sports, etc.
Then, the reporters will sign up for an article or two to write on. Usually articles are to be written in less than a week. Each article needs at least an interview in most cases with at least a quote in each article. Sometimes, photos are taken by the reporter itself, or in other cases, the reporter will request another reporter or photographer to obtain the photo or draw a cartoon.
During this time, a cartoonist or a photographer will decide what will be the front cover of the newspaper. This is extremely important because the front cover is the first thing readers will see, and in the real world, it may be the reason for readers to pick it up and read. Usually, the cover art will be associated with the center spread, the article printed on the center pages, the first pages readers will usually open to.
When the articles are written, reporters will first give them to their section editors, fix their edits and then re-submit it to their editors in chief. They will then fix the errors and finally submit it to their advisor (in this case, our teacher). Errors include grammatical errors and things not written in the A.P. Style. The A.P. Style is often used in newspaper writing and professional journalism as a way to write properly.
Finally, the reporters will put actual newspaper together.
In this case, we used InDesign to put the newspaper together. Each reporter is assigned a page to layout. After everything is placed onto the page, they will get their first edit from two other reporters.
After fixing their edits, they will then give the layouts to their section editors, then arts editor, then go through two editors in chief, a copy editor (someone who is very good with grammatical errors and reads through the articles to catch errors), and then finally, the advisor.
When all the pages are completed, the editors in chief will compile all the pages and send them off to a company for them to be printed.
Keep in mind the adviser, editors in chief and the business manager works very closely together to decide whether the issue will be in full color, spot color, or front/back and center page will receive colors. The cost for each issue (for our school) is around $1,500 per issue, but the price may vary depending on which publisher you are using and the number of issues being produced. But since the cost of each issue is quite expensive, the Business manager will call local companies and try to get them to insert an ad into our newspaper.
Although the newspaper seems easy to put together, it includes a lot of hard work, perseverance and dedication in order for it to be possible.
This article was written based on the experience from a high school newspaper staff. I would assume the actual newspaper writing would include a lot more editing processes and a lot more copy editing. Reporters would have to be ready all the time to gather information for further reference to write current articles.