Located in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the Country, Maryland was one of the Original Thirteen Colonies, the thirteenth State to ratify the Articles of Confederation creating the United States as a Nation, the seventh State to ratify the United States Constitution, and was admitted to the Union on April 28, 1788.
“Old Line State”:
Containing more than 350 biotechnological firms, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the National Institute of Health, the “Old Line State” is bordered by West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Delaware, and the District of Columbia, the Nation’s Capital.
“America in Miniature:
Because of its wide assortment of sandy dunes, seagrasses, marshlands, bald cypress swamps, rolling hills, forests, mountains, the Piedmont Plateau, the Chesapeake Bay, the Atlantic Coastal Plain, the Subtropical Highland Zone, and its Eastern Shore, Maryland is featured as being “America in Miniature”.
Two-thirds of the way across its western border Maryland’s north-south State Line is only 1.83 miles long, between the Mason-Dixon Line and the Potomac River, making it the narrowest State.
Maryland’s Eastern Shore is found in the Delmarva Peninsula that contains Delaware and the eastern shore of Virginia as well.
Maryland’s westernmost counties are located in part of Appalachia.
Hoye Crest on Backbone Mountain, in Garrett County, that forms part of the Eastern Continental Divide demarking the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Seaboard Watersheds, is the highest elevation point in the State at 3360 feet.
There are no natural lakes in the Maryland, however, the largest man-made lake in the State is known as Deep Creek Lake.
Piedmont Fall Zone:
Many Maryland cities developed along the Piedmont Fall Zone where rivers can not be navigated from the Atlantic Ocean because of rapids or waterfalls, and along the Washington D.C. Corridor, displaying many famous charactistics of Northern and Southern regions of the Country and an Appalachian culture.
Commonly comprised of Dorchester County, Kent County, Caroline County, Cecil County, Somerset County, Queen Anne’s County, Talbot County, Worcester County, and Wicomico County, Maryland’s Eastern Shore region is geographically separated from the United States by the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, and contains coastal bays, seashores, barrier islands, marshes, and parts of the Delmarva Peninsula.
Featuring the Ocean City resort town, an inlet formed by an August 1933 hurricane, the Assateague Island National Seashore, the Assateague State Park, a thirty block long boardwalk, the Colonial port of Oxford, Smith Island, and the town of St. Michaels, Maryland’s Eastern Shore is a popular tourist area separated from Virginia by the Calvert-Scarborough Line, with the Elk River determining its northern boundary.
The Eastern Shore has occasionally considered seceding from Maryland and forming its own State, perhaps including the entire Delmarva Peninsula.
An extremely popular tourist destination, and the largest estuary in the Country, the Chesapeake Bay’s drainage basin covers more than 64,000 square miles, with 150 streams and rivers entering the Bay in parts of six States including Pennsylvania, New York, Virginia, Delaware, West Virginia, Maryland, and Washington D.C.
Containing almost 11,684 miles of shoreline, and approximately two hundred miles long from the Atlantic Ocean to the Susquehanna River, with the Algonquin Indian name of “Chesepiooc,” meaning “village at a big river,” the Bay’s narrowest point can be found between Plum Point and Romney Creek, and it is about thirty miles wide at the mouth of the Potomac River.
Full of salt water, fresh water, and brackish water, and famous for fossils, especially shark’s teeth, parts of the Bay are lined by the Calvert Cliffs.
Producing more fish than any other United States estuary the Chesapeake Bay is well known for clams, oysters, blue crabs, striped bass, and rockfish.
Native American Indian tribes that resided in what became the State of Maryland included the Piscataways, the Anacostias, the Mattawomens, the Nanjemoys, the Patapocos, the Chapticos, the Cecomocomocos, the Yoacomacos, the Patuxents, the Acquintanacks, the Mattapanients, the Assacomocos, the Nanticokes, the Lenni-Lenapes, the Assateagues, the Pocomokes, the Amamesses, the Morumscos, the Acquianticas, the Choptonks, the Monoposons, the Ozinies, the Tockwoghs, the Tuscaroras, the Conoys, the Powhatans, the Accohannocks, the Chicacones, the Potomacs, the Taocomcoes, the Kittamaqundi, the Tutelos, the Saponis, the Delawares, the Mattapeakes, the Wiccomies, and the Patawomecks.
National Park Sites found in the State of Maryland include the Assateague Island National Seashore, adjacent to the Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge, famous for its feral Chincoteague Ponies, a portion of the 2175 mile long Appalachian National Scenic Trail that stretches from Springer Mountain Georgia, through fourteen States, and ends at Mount Katahdin Maine, the Baltimore Washington Parkway, the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Water Trail, the Antietam National Battlefield, the Catoctin Mountain Park in north-central Maryland, the home of the Camp David Presidential Retreat, the Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network consisting of more than 150 parks, museums, refuges, water trails, and historic communities along the Chesapeake Bay, the Clara Barton National Historic Site, Fort Foote that defended the Potomac River and Washington D.C. during the Civil War, the Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine, Fort Washington Park, the George Washington Memorial Parkway that crosses Cumberland Island and contains the Potomac Heritage Trail and the Mount Vernon Trail, Glen Echo Park that includes the Annual Washington Folk Festival, a Spanish Ballroom, an antique carousel, historic electric street cars, and the Glen Echo Amusement Park, the Greenbelt Parkway, forest, and Henry A. Wallace Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, the Hampton National Historic Site, the Monocacy National Battlefield, Piscataway Park, the Thomas Stone National Historic Site, Harmony Hall at Fort Washington, a two and a half story tall Georgian 18th Century red brick Country Mansion, the Oxen Cove Park and Oxen Hill Farm in Prince George’s County containing the Mount Welby Plantation and the Farm Museum, the Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail featuring the Potomac River Basin and the Nanjemoy Peninsula, and the Suitland Parkway that connects Andrews Air Force Base, Bolling Air Force Base, and the Pentegon together.
National Historic Sites:
National Historic Sites found in Maryland include the Antietam National Battlefield, National Cemetary, Visitor Center, and Pry House Field Hospital Museum near Sharpsburg, containing exhibits from the September 17, 1862 first invasion of the Confederate Army into Maryland, recognized as the bloodiest single-day battle in American history with about 23,000 casualties incurred as the Union Army pursued the attack, and while there was no clear winner of the fight, the battle gave President Abraham Lincoln the courage to announce the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862 declaring freedom for all slaves in the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863, and the ten States it would apply to, not including Kentucky, Missouri, Delaware, and Maryland, which never seceded, and Tennessee, Virginia, New Orleans, and thirteen Louisiana Parishes the Federal government had regained most of the control over, but was highly criticized for not freeing the slaves in places the Union had no control of, although eventually about four million slaves were freed.
Other National Historic Sites in Maryland include the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park, established by President Dwight David Eisenhower, to preserve the remains of the canal and many of its structures along the Potomac River, the 1809 Fort Washington Park and Lighthouse, originally known as Fort Warburton, that protected the Nation’s capital, the Hampton National Historic Site north of Towson, containing the largest privately owned mansion in America in 1790, its grounds, gardens, and slave quarters, and considered a prime example of Georgian architecture. The Hampton was also the first selected National Historic Site chosen by the United States National Park Service, the Piscataway Park across the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, near Accokeek, that protects the Marshall Hall mansion because of the views it provides of George Washington’s home. and the 1775-built National Colonial Farm, a living history tobacco farm, the Harpers Ferry National Historic Park that protects the scene of the 1859 Abolitionist John Brown’s uprising, the Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine in the Chesapeake Bay at Baltimore where the Star Spangled Banner was written, the Monocacy National Battlefield where the “Battle That Saved Washington” was faught on July 9, 1864, and the site of one of the last skirmishes the Confederacy carried out on Union territory, the Thomas Stone National Historic Site in Port Tobacco, known as the Habre de Venture, the 1770 home of one of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, and the Clara Barton National Historic Site in Glen Echo that interprets the life of the Founder of the American Red Cross.
The Royal Charter for the Province of Maryland was granted on June 20, 1632 as a haven for Irish Catholics in the New World and as a tobacco growing area.
The first Irish settlers in Maryland arrived on March 25, 1634, mainly in St. Mary’s City, the seat of Colonial Government in the State until 1708. Many thousands of them were British convicts and Indentured Servants who settled along the northern line between the Potomac River and the 40th Parallel, resulting in a later conflict with the newly established southern border of Pennsylvania, and the area that became Delaware, which was originally a part of Maryland, and led to the October 1730 Cresap’s War in York County Pennsylvania.
A treaty signed on May 25, 1738 drew the border between the two States fifteen miles south of Philadelphia and became the basis for Mason-Dixon surveying the area in 1767.
Maryland’s border with Delaware was established by the Twelve Mile Circle around New Castle and on the Transpeninsular Line across the Delmarva Peninsula.
Maryland became the home of many Puritans from Virginia that located in Providence, now known as Annapolis, who revolted in 1650, outlawed Anglicanism and Catholicism in the State in the March 25, 1655 Battle of the Severn, faught at Horn Point, and burned down all the Catholic churches in Maryland.
In 1790 Maryland ceded land from Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties that became the site of the Nation’s Capital.
During the War of 1812 Francis Scott Key wrote the poem entitled “The Star Spangled Banner” as the British army attacked Fort McHenry in an attempt to capture Baltimore on September 13, 1814. Later set to the tune of “The Anacreontic Song” it became the National Anthem.
With a slave labor-driven economy Maryland remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War despite valiant efforts from Southern Fire Eaters to force it to secede and President Abraham Lincoln ordering Union artillery be placed on Federal Hill threatening Baltimore, suspending many of the State’s civil liberties, helping to establish a pro-Union Govenor and legislature, and jailing pro-South State legislators at Fort McHenry, including Baltimore’s Mayor George William Brown and Francis Scott Key’s grandson.
Major industries that have been found in the State of Maryland include transportation, railroads, trucking, bulk commodities such as iron ore, sugar, fertilizers, and petroleum, automobiles, technology, aerospace, education, bio-research, medicine, food production, fishing, especially blue crabs, dairy farming, tobacco, manufacturing, electronics, computers, steel, airplanes, coal mining, shipping, agriculture including peas, muskmelons, corn, squash, cucumbers, and watermelons, chicken farming, and tourism.
Major Corporations that have been located in Maryland include the Glenn L. Martin Aircraft Company, Lockheed Martin, the John Hopkins Medical Research Hospital, the Perdue Farms Chicken Processing Company, the Pennsylvania Steel Company Mill, at the time the world’s largest steel mill, the Bethlehem Steel Company, with girders built for the Golden Gate Bridge and cables made for the George Washington Bridge, the Mittal Steel Company, the International Steel Group, and the Western Maryland, Pennsylvania, and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Companies.
Maryland contains the Number Two largest automobile port in the Country, the eighth largest port in the United States, several military bases, many high level Federal Government job sites, and the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.
Maryland contains forty-five State Parks including those found in Garrett County consisting of the Big Run State Park, the Casselman River Bridge State Park that carried the National Road across the Casselman River and aided in westward expansion through the Cumberland Wilderness, the Deep Creek Lake State Park with the largest inland body of water in the State of Maryland, the Herrington Manor State Park with a fifty-three acre lake, the New Germany State Park in the Savage River State Forest, and the Swallow Falls State Park with its rocky gorges, rapids, and popular scenery.
State Parks found in Charles County include the Chapel Point State Park, next to the St. Ignatius Church and Cemetary, the oldest continuous Catholic Parish in the United States, the Purse State Park on the Potomac River, and the Smallwood State Park with the restored Smallwood Plantation.
Allegheny County State Parks include the Rocky Gap State Park, a popular fishing location, and the Dans Mountain State Park featuring the Dans Rock Overlook and 481 acres of wildlife.
State Parks found in Frederick County include the Cunningham Falls State Park, in the Catoctin Mountains, with a 78-foot waterfall, the Gambrill State Park containing popular mountain biking trails, the Gathland State Park with the remains of the estate of the Civil War Reporter George Alfred Townsend, and Crampton’s Gap, the site of the September 14, 1862 Battle of South Mountain, an early skirmish of the Maryland Campaign, the Greenbriar State Park on South Mountain, and the South Mountain State Park close to the Washington Monument.
St. Mary’s County State Parks include the Greenwell State Park with the historic Rosedale Manor House, the Point Lookout State Park on the peninsula formed by the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay, a Union Prisoner of War Camp that held 50,000 Confederate soldiers during the Civil War, the St. Mary’s River State Park, and the St. Clements Island State Park that preserves the March 25, 1634 landing of Maryland’s first Colonists.
State Parks located in Washington County include the Fort Frederick State Park containing the restored French and Indian War, and Revolutionary War fort, the Fort Tonoloway State Park with the August 1755-built Stoddert’s Fort, and the Washington Monument State Park honoring George Washington, known as the “Father of Our Country”.
Queen Anne’s County offers the Matapeake State Park on Kent Island that serviced the 1941 Chesapeake Bay Ferry System.
Somerset County has the Janes Island State Park on the Chesapeake Bay.
Harford County State Parks include the Rock Run State Park, near the Mason-Dixon Line, with the Eden Mill Nature Center, the Palmer State Park , the Susquehanna State Park with the Rock Run Historical Area, the Rock Run Grist Mill, the historic Fort Deposit Bridge, the 1804 Rock Run Mansion, remnants of the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal, and the Stepping Stone Museum.
Anne Arundel County presents the Jonas Green State Park on the Baltimore and Anapolis Trail, and the Sandy Point State Park, the site of the Annual Maryland State Police Polar Bear Plunge For The Special Olympics.
Caroline County has the Martinak State Park on the Choptank River and the Tuckahoe State Park.
Cecil County offers the Elk Neck State Park, and Turkey Point Lighthouse, on the Elk Neck Peninsula.
Howard County has the Patuxent River State Park with horseback riding on the upper reaches of the Patuxent River.
Prince George’s County contains the Rosaryville State Park and the restored Mount Airy Mansion.
Montgomery County has the Senaca Creek State Park with the Clopper Lake Day Use Area and the Winter Lights Festival.
Talbot County has the Wye Oak State Park, named after the one-time largest white oak tree in the United States, that was destroyed in 2002 by a severe thunderstorm.
Baltimore County contains the Gunpowder State Park with one hundred miles of hiking trails and the Hereford Wildlands Mill Pond Cottage, the Hart-Miller Island State Park accessible only by boat and containing a 3000 foot sandy beach, the North Point State Park, the site of several War of 1812 battles, the Patapsco Valley State Park that protects the valley’s forest and one of the largest State Parks in Maryland.
There are eight State Forests found in Maryland including the Green Ridge State Forest near Flintstone in the Allegheny Mountains, consisting of about 46,000 acres of oak and hickory trees, making it the State’s second largest forest, the Elk Neck State Forest with 2,188 acres of beaches, marshlands, and bluffs overlooking the Chesapeake Bay, the Elk River, and the North East River, the Garret State Forest near Oakland, containing about 7,000 acres, where forestry conservation was born in the State of Maryland, the Potomac State Forest, an 11,535 acre site near Westernport on the Potomac River, the Savage River State Forest at Grantsville, with more than 54,000 acres, the largest forest in Maryland, the Cedarville State Forest, near Upper Marlboro, that was the Winter home of the Piscataway Indians and the Zekiah Swamp, the Salem State Forest, in Leonardtown, where the Conoy Indians lived, and the Pocomoke River State Forest, a 15,000 acre forest in Worcester County near Snow Hill and the Chincoteague Islands.
Because glaciers never entered Maryland during the Ice Age there are no natural lakes in the State, however, some of the many man-made lakes and reservoirs found there include Deep Creek Lake and Jennings Randolph Lake in Garrett County, the Conowingo Reservoir in Harford and Cecil Counties, the Liberty Reservoir in Baltimore and Carroll Counties, the Loch Raven Reservoir, the Prettyboy Reservoir, and Lake Roland, in Robert E. Lee Park, in Baltimore County, the Rocky Gorge, the Triadelphia Reservoir, and Little Senaca Lake in Montgomery County, Greenbriar Lake in Boonsboro, Lake Linganore in Frederick County, Lake Bernard Frank in Derwood, Lake Habeeb in Allegheny County, Lake Centennial, the Rocky Gorge Reservoir, and Lake Kittamaqundi, that was named after the first Indian settlement in Howard County, Lake Elkhorn and Wilde Lake in Columbia, and Lake Needwood north of Rockville,
Major rivers in the State of Maryland, including the Anacostia River, the Back River, the Rhode River, the Big Annemessex River, the Blackwater River, the Bush River, the Casselman River, the Chester River, the Choptank River, the Christina River, the Elk River, the Gunpowder River, the Hawlings River, the Patuxent River, the Little Choptank River, the Little Monocacy River, the Little Patuxent River, the Magothy River, the Monocacy River, the Middle Patuxent River, the Middle River, the Nanticoke River, the Patapsco River, the North East River, the Pocomoke River, the Port Tobacco River, the South River, the Susquehanna River, the West River, the Wicomico River, the Winters Run River, the Wye River, the Youghiogheny River, the St. Martin River, the Manokin River, the Transquaking River, the Chicamacomico River, the Honga River, the Tred Avon River, the Warwick River, the Miles River, the Front Wye River, the Corsica River, the Bohemia River, the Whitehall River, the Wye East River, the Savage River, and the Bird River drain into the Atlantic Ocean, the Delaware River Basin, the Chesapeake Bay, the Susquehanna River Basin, the Potomac River Basin, and the Ohio River Basin.
Maryland is famous for its rare wild ponies on Assateague Island and for its monadnocks, a Native American Indian term meaning isolated rock hills, knobs, ridges, or small mountains abruptly rising from gentle sloping plains, including those found in the following ranges:
Known as a belt contained within the Appalachian Mountains that forms a broad arc between the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Appalachian Plateau, the Allegheny Plateau, and the Cumberland Plateau, the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians include Backbone Mountain in Garret County featuring Hoye Crest, Maryland’s highest point, George Mountain, Negro Mountain on the Allegheny Plateau, Roman Nose Mountain, Roth Rock Mountain, Salt Block Mountain, Savage Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Elbow Mountain, Mount Aetna, Collier Mountain, Dans Mountain with Maryland’s most impressive escarpment, Evitts Mountain, Haystack Mountain, Martin Mountain, Irons Mountain, Polish Mountain, Warrior Mountain, Wills Mountain with the Cumberland Narrows Valley in the western part of the State, Rugged Mountain, Blossom Hill, Breakneck Hill, Town Hill, Sideling Hill, Conway Hill, Roundtop Hill, Dung Hill, Elder Hill, Fort Hill, Marsh Hill, Pine Hill , Rich Hill, Ridgely Hill , River Hill, Snaggy Hill, Walnut Hill, Zehner Hill, Contrary Knob, Lewis Knob, Whites Knob, and the Tonoloway Ridge.
Bear Pond Mountains:
Containing the Punchbowl, a large amphitheater-shaped geological land feature, the Bear Pond Mountains straddle the State Line with Pennsylvania and include Johnson Mountain, Hearthstone Mountain, Abe Mills Mountain, Sword Mountain, Fairview Mountain, Bullskin Mountain, Rickard Mountain, Boyd Mountain, Powell Mountain, Two Top Mountain with the Whitetail Ski Resort, Kaisies Knob, and Gillians Knob.
A famous charcoal hearth for iron furnaces the Elk Ridge Mountains parallel Rohrersville in the northern part of the State and include the Maryland Heights section that saw heavy artillery activities during the Civil War, Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign of 1862, the September 12 to 15, 1862 Battle of Harpers Ferry, and the June and July 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, the largest Civil War battle.
Blue Ridge Mountains:
Including South Mountain, Quirauk Mountain, Eagle Mountain, Little Piney Mountain, Piney Mountain, Roundtop Mountain, Bartman Hill, Short Hill, Bob’s Hill, Cascade Miller Hill, Monument Knob, Pine Knob, Carrick Knob, Lambs Knoll, Pine Rock, Point of Rock, and Catoctin Summit, and known for the bluish color of the isoprene emitted by their trees, the Blue Ridge Mountains in Maryland are found just south of the Mason-Dixon Line.
Eighteen Counties found in the Piedmont Plateau, the Calvert Peninsula, the Delaware Valley, the Eastern Shore, the Western Maryland Region, the Southern Maryland Region, the Atlantic Coast Line, and the Chesapeake Bay contain the many islands scattered around the State including Gibson Island by Pasadena, Big Island, Flat Island, Dobbins Island, Brewer Island, White Rocks Island, Janes Island, Three Sisters Island, The Hammocks Island, St. Helena Island, Goose Island, Turkey Point Island, Solomons Island, a popular weekend getaway for many residents of the Baltimore Metropolitan Area, Pleasure Island, Garrett Island, Hen Island, Indian Rock Island, Knight Island, Spencer Island, Cobb Island by Neale Sound in Charles County, Opossum Island, Bear Island by the Great Falls of the Potomac River, Olmsted Island in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park, Sharpskin Island between Maryland and Virginia, Kent Island, the largest offshore Maryland island in the Chesapeake Bay, Assateague Island, Duck Island, the Isle of Wight, a Wildlife Management Area, Rattlesnake Island, Smith Island, and more.
Popular Attractions in the State of Maryland include the Chincoteague Ponies, the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, the Kunta Kinte-Alex Haley Memorial, the Maryland State House, the William Paca Garden, the Annapolis Maritime Museum, the Six Flags America Theme and Water Park, the Historic Annapolis Maryland Walking Tours, the French Soldiers and Sailors Monument, the Trimper’s Rides and Amusement Park, the Ocean City Life-Saving Museum, the Chesapeake Bay, the 1879 Hooper Strait Lighthouse, the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, the Harriet Tubman Museum and Educational Center, the Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, the Spocott Windmill, the Brannock Maritime Museum, the Monocacy National Battlefield, the National Museum of Civil War Medicine, the Third Haven Friends Meeting House, the Maryland Historical Society Museum, the Fire Museum of Maryland, the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad, George Washington’s Headquarters in Cumberland, the Thrasher Carriage and Sleigh Museum, the National Shrine of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, the National Fallen Firefighters Foundation, the National Shrine Grotto of Lourdes, the Antietam National Battlefield, the Catoctin Wildlife Preserve Zoo, the Montpelier Mansion, the National Wildlife Visitor Center, the Antietam National Cemetary, the Christian Heritage Museum, the Discovery Station At Hagarstown, the Calvert Marine Museum, the Drum Point Lighthouse, the Fort McHenry National Monument, the USS Constellation Civil War Sloop, the American Visionary Art Museum, the Baltimore Museum of Art, the Maryland Science Center, the National Aquarium in Baltimore, the B & O Railroad Museum, the National Cryptologic Museum, the Frederick Douglass-Isaac Myers Maritime Park, the Federal Hill Park, Edgar Allen Poe’s Grave Site and Memorial, the Star-Spangled Banner Flag House and 1812 Museum, the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Babe Ruth Birthplace and Museum, the Holocaust Museum in Baltimore, Mount Vernon, the Maryland Zoo, the Jewish Museum of Maryland, the Washington Monument and Mount Vernon Park, the Baltimore Streetcar Museum, the Irish Shrine and Railroad Museum, the Baltimore American Indian Center, the Robert E. Lee Park, the National Historic Seaport of Baltimore, the African Art Museum of Maryland, the Natural History Society of Maryland Museum, the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument, the Union Soldiers and Sailors Monument, the Lee-Jackson Monument, the Star Spangled Banner Run, the Salisbury Zoo, the Furnace Town Heritage Museum, the US Goddard Space Flight Center, the Crystal Grottoes Caverns, the Brookside Nature Center, the Hampton National Historic Site, the Montgomery County Agricultural Fair, the Jug Bay Wetlands Sanctuary, the Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary, the Maryland Eastern Shore, the Point Lookout Museum, the Clara Barton National Historic Site, the Maryland Renaissance Festival, the Ripken Museum, the College Park Aviation Museum, the Audubon Naturalist Society Woodend Sanctuary, the Historical Electronics Museum, the National Colonial Farm, the Piney Point Lighthouse, the Flag Ponds Park, the Fort Washington Park, the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, the Chesapeake Beach Railway Museum, the National Capital Trolley Museum, the Historic White’s Ferry in Dickerson, the National Harbor, and more.
Named after the Founding Proprietor of the Maryland Colony, Baltimore is located along the tidal part of the Patapsco River in north-central Maryland, between the Piedmont Plateau and the Atlantic Coastal Plain, and is the largest cultural center in the State.
Founded in 1729 Baltimore’s Irish name “Baile an Ti Mhoir ” means “Town of the Big House”.
The Port of Baltimore was established in 1706 at Locust Point to support the flourishing tobacco trade in the area, and the town of Baltimore was created on July 30, 1729, growing rapidly as a granary for the Caribbean sugar-producing Colonies.
Baltimore played important roles in the events leading up to the American Revolutionary War because of signed agreements not to trade with England.
From December 1776 to February 1777 Baltimore effectively served as the Capital of the United States while Congress met at the Henry Fite House.
After burning Washington D.C. the British attacked Baltimore on September 13, 1814, but were defeated in the Battle of Baltimore, and the city grew steadily with encouragement from the National Road and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad that made the town a major manufacturing and shipping center.
After a visit from President John Quincy Adams Baltimore became known as “The Monumental City” because of its uniquely developed skyline full of monuments.
The February 7, 1904 Great Fire of Baltimore burned more than 1500 buildings in the city, and rebuilding, Baltimore expanded expeditiously by annexing surrounding suburbs and counties.
Famous buildings found in Baltimore have included the Baltimore Basilica, the oldest Catholic cathedral in the United States, the Municipal Museum of Baltimore, the first building in the Country built to be a museum, the Phoenix Shot Tower, the Sun Iron Building, the Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church, the Baltimore World Trade Center, the tallest equilateral pentagonal building in the world, Oriole Park at Camden Yards, the National Aquarium, the Legg Mason Building, the Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore, the Bank of America Building, the William Donald Schaefer Tower, the Commerce Place Building, the Tremont Plaza Hotel, and the Blaustein Building.
Baltimore is known as a city of neighborhoods and features the well known Inner Harbor Seaport landmark with popular hotels, shops, and museums, the Little Italy area, Mount Vernon, the traditional cultural and artistic life center of the city, with a Washington Monument, and Fells Point, famous for its maritime past and the largest collection of bars in town.
Major industries that have been located in Baltimore include shipping, automobile manufacturing, steel production, transportation, financial services, and health care.
Major Corporations that have been found in Baltimore include the Constellation Energy Group, Black and Decker, the T. Rowe Price Investment Firm, the Legg Mason Investment Management Firm, and McCormick Herbs and Spices.
Baltimore was the second American city with a population of at least 100,000 people.
Popular Baltimore area Attractions include the American Visionary Art Museum, the Babe Ruth Birthplace and Museum, the Baltimore Maritime Museum, the Baltimore Museum of Art, the Baltimore Streetcar Museum, the Edgar Allen Poe House and Museum, the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, the Port Discovery Children’s Museum, the Star Spangled Banner Flag House and 1812 Museum, the Pride of Baltimore II Clipper Ship, the USS Constellation, and many more.
Consisting of ten self-contained villages Columbia opened in 1967 as a planned community of the Rouse Company and has Lake Kittamaqundi as its centerpiece.
With street names taken from famous literature and works of art Harpers Choice, Wilde Lake, Long Reach, Oakland Mills, Hickory Ridge, Owen Brown, Kings Contrivance, Dorsey’s Search, Town Center, and River Hill are the ten villages that comprise Columbia.
Columbia was ranked Number Four by Money Magazine on their 2006 list of 100 Best Places To Live In The United States and Number Eight on their 2008 list.
Major Corporations that have been located in Columbia include a General Electric Appliance Plant, several United States Department of Defense installations, Fort George G. Meade, the National Security Agency, the Applied Physics Laboratory, the NewPage Coated Paper Corporation, the W.R. Grace and Company Chemical Conglomerate, and MaggieMoo’s Ice Cream and Treatery.
Popular Columbia area Attractions include the Merriweather Post Pavillion outdoor concert venue, the Columbia Horse Center, the African Art Museum of Maryland, the Columbia Archives, the National Watch and Clock Museum, the Lakefront Summer Festival, and the Howard County Center of African-American Culture.
Named after a mica-filled spring found in 1840 at Acorn Park the oldest and southernmost part of Silver Spring is a major business hub north of Washington D.C.
The home of the first popularly elected Senator in the history of the United States, Francis Preston Blair Lee, a distant relative of Confederate Leader Robert E. Lee, Silver Spring was established in 1854 as a twenty-room mansion on 250 acres and has grown larger in area than any Maryland city except Baltimore.
Occupied by the Confederate Army prior to the July 11-12, 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens, President Abraham Lincoln frequently visited Silver Spring during the Civil War.
Major Corporations that have been located in Silver Spring include the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Lee Development Group, the Washington Trolley Service, Discovery Communications, the Seventh Day Adventist Church Headquarters, and Interstate 495, known as the Capital Beltway around Washington D.C.
Popular Silver Spring area Attractions include the Rockcreek Park, the Sligo Creek Park, the Acorn Park, the Jesup Blair Park, the Wheaton Regional Park, the Silver Spring Jazz Festival, the American Film Institute Silver Theatre and Cultural Center, and the Brookside Gardens.
Founded in 1772 by three Quaker brothers, and known as Ellicott Mills, Ellicott City is the largest unincorporated County Seat in the United States and claims to have been built on seven hills.
Ellicott City has been ranked three times by Money Magazine as one of the Top Twenty Best Places To Live In The United States and is one of America’s wealthiest communities.
Major industries that have been found in Ellicott City include wheat, tobacco, fertilizer, manufacturing, and steam engines.
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Station in Ellicott City has the distinction of being the “Oldest Surviving Railroad Station in America”.
Popular Ellicott City area Attractions include the Baltimore and Ohio Ellicott City Railroad Station Museum, the Chesapeake Shakespeare Company, the Shrine of St. Anthony, the Maryland Sheep and Wool Festival, the Historic Society Museum, the Patapsco Female Institute, the Fire House Museum, and the Farm Heritage Museum.
The 1830s and 1840s English business owners in Germantown were remembered by travelers to the city as being German and the town came to be known by that name.
George Atzerodt, a Co-Conspirator in the President Abraham Lincoln Assassination was captured in Germantown on April 20, 1865 after backing out of murdering then Vice President Andrew Johnson and hung on July 7, 1865, along with Mary Elizabeth Jenkins Surratt, the first woman executed by the Federal government of the United States, David Edgar Harold who assisted John Wilkes Booth to Doctor Samuel Mudd to set his broken leg after the assassination occurred, and Lewis Thornton Powell, who was led to the home of then Secretary of State William Henry Seward, by David Edgar Harold, for the purpose of killing him. All four were convicted co-conspirators of Booth’s.
In January 1958 Germantown became the home of the United States Atomic Energy Commission.
Germantown has been featured in many episodes of The X-Files television program and in the 2008 Fallout 3 video game.
Popular Germantown area Attractions include the BlackRock Center For The Arts, the South Germantown Recreational Park, the Ridge Road Recreational Park, the Clear Spring Park, the Waters House History Center, the Senaca School House Museum, the National Library of Medicine, and the Monocacy River Natural Resources Management Area.
The United States Series I am writing here on associatedcontent.com provides an indepth look at all fifty States that make up this GREAT Country of ours and their five largest cities.
The current list of Articles for the United States Series I have published to date includes:
So This Is Sweet Home Alabama
Alaska – The Land of the Midnight Sun
Arizona – The Valley of the Sun
Arkansas – People of the South Wind
California – The Golden Gate, Earthquakes and Grizzly Bears
Colorful Colorado – The Rocky Mountains, Skiing, and High Technology
Connecticut – The Land of Steady Habits
Delaware – The Small Wonder
Florida – The Snowbirds R US State
Georgia – Goobers, Peaches, and Buzzards
Hawaii – Luaus, Pineapples, and Beaches
Idaho – The Gem of the Mountains and Potatoes State
Illinois – Mining, Factories, and Labor Unions
Indiana – Land of Steel and Ducks
Iowa – The Ethanol and Food Capital of the World
Bleeding Kansas America’s Flattest State
Kentucky – The Land of Tomorrow
Louisiana – the Child of the Mississippi
Maine – Lobsters, Lighthouses, and Black Bears
Massachusetts – The Cradle of Liberty
Michigan – The Automotive State
Minnesota – The Bread and Butter State
Mississippi – Where Cotton Was King
Comments from readers are always welcome so let me know what you think about these Articles.
This Article was compiled from several websites that provide much more information on Maryland including:
baltimore.about.com, columbiamaryland.com, silverspringcenter.com, ellicottcity.net, and americantowns.com