It appears that the world suicide and homicide rate among the mentally ill has taken a sharp decline in 2006-the latest year that these numbers have been collected. Between 1997 and 2005 there was a marked increase in these types of deaths amongst the mentally ill. The biggest decrease in percentages is with those people in their 20’s, a very encouraging finding, states National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness at The University of Manchester.
The abscondcia rates from mental health facilities has decreased in recent years, and mental health care has improved with the collaboration of more informed social awareness. A study by the University of Manchester discovered that 70% of those who are mentally ill that commit suicide do it away from or outside of mental health facilities. Among those 70% who commit suicide outside a mental health facility, 62% left the facility without a doctor’s permission. Clearly, the continuation and completion of mental health care is pertinent and necessary. Social awareness of this fact, and the ongoing social education programs on mental health recently have aided in lowering the premature and unnatural deaths amongst the mentally ill population.
Society is beginning to understand now that mentally ill people have a substantiated and validated health problem that not only needs to be addressed, but requires less apathy and stigmatization in order to encourage affected persons to get needed help. It is important to note that, according to Health and Age, the mentally ill population are six times more likely to be a victim of homicide. This is likely due to the social fears of the mentally ill to become violent and carry out acts of mass destruction.
Unfortunately, even with improvement in social views of mentally ill persons and medical advancement in the area of mental health, the mentally ill population experience a higher likelihood of the following:
*Being considered underclass
*Having medical disempowerment
*Having less medical insurance coverage
*Experiencing fewer insured mental health care options/treatments
*Being victimized by public threat
* Having general vulnerability
* Resorting to self-harm when social support is few and far between
*Experiencing dependency on the government
Even though the incidents of mentally ill people losing self control and committing violence on others is still a significant increase in percentage compared to the rest of the population, mentally ill people still experience an unfair negative bias in the media. They are categorized as being monsters by nature-all mentally ill, without taking in consideration individual cases. In the same fashion that not all black men are gang members, that all Mexicans are domestic abusers, and that all white people are racists, so to are not all mentally ill people violent and unstable. The media is fixated on ratings by focusing on the few mentally people who did not follow their doctors’ orders or complete their necessary health care. In this light, anyone could be liable to lose their common sense and rationale when provoked!
One of the important factors that remains to be seen about the decrease in deaths amongst the mentally ill are that urban populations may have a jump in numbers again; drug and alcohol abuse might become more prevalent amongst the mentally ill in the future, and mental illness among immigrant populations might surge once again. If these three key dynamics are once again parts of the integral fabric of our society, then the death numbers in the mentally ill will once again spike. So far though, there is no indication that this will occur.
One bit of somber news is that studies reflect that suicides among mentally people that are 45 to 64 years of age are steadily increasing, though the numbers aren’t jumping exponentially. With the world economy in the worst condition since the Great Depression, it is likely that a short term boost in suicide percentages will occur. Despite this, scientists predict over the long run that health awareness campaigns and persistent mental health advocacy education crusades will continue to drive down the suicide numbers.