Vinyl can be easy to install with the proper techniques and tools. Preparation of the sublfloor is paramount in order to get the most desired results and in some cases the new vinyl can be installed over old vinyl by making sure the old vinyl is adhered well to the existing floor. Loose places in the existing vinyl must be cut out and filled with floor leveler.
To prepare the old surface,remove any baseboard and floor moldings around the perimeter of the floor along with any fixtures such as a toilet or pedestal sink. There is no need to remove any cabinets to install the vinyl.
If existing vinyl is on the floor already, sand it with rough 50 grit sandpaper in order to provide good adhesion for the new vinyl. After sanding, clean the floor with warm water and allow it to thoroughly dry.
In cases when the existing flooring is badly worn, cover it with 1/8″-1/4″ underlayment. Some types of underlayment may be installed with adhesive while others may require screwing or nailing. Check the manufacturer specifications before installing the underlayment. After installing the underlayment, use floor patching compound to cover any defects in the underlayment. Allow compound to dry and sand off smooth with the surface of the underlayment. A vacuum works best for cleanup after you sand the floor patches.
In Laying out for the new vinyl, a roll of rosin paper will be needed to properly fit it into the shape of the room. If the room is large, covering the entire floor is not necessary, only the difficult wall cuts will need to be transferred onto the rosin paper. Lay the rosin paper around the perimeter of the room leaving it approximately 1/8″ away from the walls. Irregular walls such as stone or any uneven surface must be traced and fit onto the paper. Tape each adjoining piece together as they are fit to the walls. When finished with the entire perimeter, lift the paper and carefully roll it up.
A large area is needed for cutting the vinyl. A garage floor or driveway works well as long as it is fairly flat.Lay the new vinyl on the garage floor and place the rosin paper on top of it. Check the borders of the pattern on the new vinyl so the pattern is as equally spaced as possible and tape the rosin paper down to the new vinyl. Use a utility knife to cut along the perimeter of the rosin paper through the vinyl, and cut out any holes needed for the toilet or piping.
Roll the new vinyl up and place in the room. Begin unrolling the vinyl and fit it into the walls. After fitting it, tape one side to the wall so it doesn’t move and roll back the untaped side at least half of the rooms’ width exposing the underlayment. A notched trowel will be needed to apply the adhesive to the underlayment. Spread the glue out evenly over the surface of the underlayment up to where you rolled back the vinyl. Lay the half of the vinyl back down into the adhesive and press it evenly into place.
Remove the tape from the opposite side and roll the vinyl back past the other half’s glue and repeat the adhesive process for this side. A vinyl roller can be rented from many flooring companies to flatten the surface. Be sure all air pockets are pushed out and clean any excess adhesive off with warm water.
Re-install the baseboard and fixtures.