Turpentine is most commonly attained from the sap extracted from the longleaf pine and slash pine. Other trees from the Pinus species do yield terpen oils. The sap is distilled and turned into rosin. Turpentine is most commonly used as a solvent for paint and varnishes. Some pharmaceutical items utilize turpentine as an ingredient. Other items are made from a turpentine derivative.
The most common derivative of turpentine is synthetic pine oil. The synthetic pine oil is used for fragrance or flavor use. Many of the fragrance oils used to make candles; soaps and household aromatherapy items are created with synthetic pine oil. It is also used to make cleaning agents and disinfectants with a pine odor aroma.
A synthetic form of turpentine is used for making compounds such as camphor and menthol. It is also used in some chewing gum. Steam-distilled turpentine, in very small amounts, is used as a food and beverage flavoring. The typical amount used is approximately 20 ppm.
Turpentine and products derived from a turpentine base are used for topical counterirritants. It has been used for rheumatic disorders and as a muscle pain reliever. The Chinese use a derivative of the turpentine in gum to relieve tooth pain. Semi-synthetic terpin hydrate is used in some cough medicine Vicks-Vapo Rub, in some cosmetics, and as an expectorant.
Experimentation is being done using a type of turpentine bath as a treatment for sexual dysfunction and disseminated sclerosis. It is also being tried on animals to induce a systemic inflammatory immune response.
The properties of turpentine have been studied for its ability as an inhibitor of osteoclast activity and antibacterial activity. No defined treatment or product has been produced from this study as of this time.
The sap drawn from the pine trees known as turpentine is actually terpene oil. Turpentine is also the name given to the oleoresin. Oleoresin is the type of turpentine used to produce essential oils. Oleoresin is also referred to as gum turpentine.
Gum turpentine is used by some herb-ologist’s as a relaxant and stimulant for conditions with the kidneys, uterus and vagina. Very small amounts are used and are in a grain form. The small grains dissolve in the stomach and are diffused throughout the body to stimulate the stomach and circulatory system. When ingesting gum turpentine an individual may have a peculiar breath odor and possibly an order of violets when urinating.
Uses of Turpentine
Turpentine from Pine Resin
Terebinthina. Turpentine, Oil of Turpentine