What is bacterial speck?
Bacterial speck is a tomato disease. Yes, a tomato disease, while this may sound odd bacterial speck is a bacterial disease common to find in tomatoes. Bacterial speck may cause effects that are not a pretty display, and may be attributed to the many freckles upon a persons face.
What does bacterial speck look like?
To identify bacterial speck, you only need to look for small black specks between 1/16Th. and 1/8 inch in diameter. These small specks will resemble freckles upon a persons face. This is not to be confused with bacterial spot, bacterial spot can create the same kind of freckles. However, in instances of bacterial spot, these spots are slightly larger in size, and will crack open. Bacterial spot may render your produce unusable, and can be considerably more costly then bacterial speck.
What effects can bacterial speck have on my produce?
While the effects of bacterial speck are minimal, and hardly noticeable most of the time. Many of these spots in one area may make your produce appear bruised. You may also notice that these freckles may be seen as inferior produce to merchants, and consumers. The effect of this is devaluing your crops, and driving the prices you may charge down.
What causes bacterial speck?
Bacterial speck is often found to be the result of, cool rains, wet conditions, damage to seeds, infected seeds, and infected transplants. While all of these can cause bacterial speck, not all of these events will cause bacterial speck every time. Washington state is a region where bacterial speck may be found to be most common, with cool weather year around and constant rains.
How can I prevent bacterial speck?
Removing plant debris from the areas will help in controlling bacterial speck, using only high quality seeds, or transplants will also prevent this disease from infecting your crops. Improved airflow may also help prevent bacterial speck. To increase your air flow make sure that your plants are suitably staked up in the air, and are far enough apart. This will encourage proper air flow.
Some copper based compounds may be used to prevent further infection of bacterial speck. However, these compounds have been shown to be ineffective in controlling bacterial specks spread. Once your plants have been infected, the disease may reproduce and spread faster then you can spread the compound.
Bacterial speck and bacterial spot look very similar and follow the same guidelines for infection, prevention, and even appearance. The single difference, seemingly being that bacterial spot lesions will crack open, and make some horrible looking produce. It is best to use preventative measures now, and prevent unwanted infections. Waiting could cost you your crops.
Vegetable MD Online