Delinquency Deterrence Response
The vast majority of juveniles are completely unaware of the laws that govern particular criminal offences. This in fact, leads me to believe enforcing harsher punishments will not prevent or deter juveniles from further delinquent behavior. In addition, if we increase the overall availability of police, probation, and parole officers, a rapport can be established as these officers are now capable of performing more one-on-one interviewing with the juveniles, and have the opportunity to conduct field work. Furthermore, I believe if we implement intermediate sanctions-community corrections, we will be able to replace incarceration, the primary means of punishment in the 1990’s and allow rehabilitation a chance.
The general deterrence ideology method believes criminal behavior can be alleviated with the use of: severe sanctions, making examples of individuals and causing one to believe the chance of being caught is prevalent. In addition, if individuals are aware that apprehension followed by a long prison sentences is almost certain for serious offenders, than only the irrational illogical individuals are going to commit serious crimes; therefore, justifying the punishment.
Specific deterrence coincides with the general deterrence method. Specific deterrence focuses on the use of harsh punishments, such as extremely long incarceration terms in facilities that are unpleasant. In return, the experience juveniles are subjected to while incarcerated are suppose to outweigh any benefits delinquent behavior will bring; thereby, forcing the juvenile to not recidivate.
Situational crime prevention deters juveniles not by enforcing strict laws that require harsh punishments, but rather by educating society in such a manner, home-business owners create an environment that makes it extremely risky-difficult for any individual to break the law without placing themselves in significant risk. A few strategies-ideas are: installing breath analyzers-locking mechanisms in vehicles so individuals cannot operate while under the influence; increase alarm systems and lighten along with neighborhood watch programs, and shame the individual by publicly posting the offenders name and offence.
I believe the situational crime prevention method is the best overall deterrent. This method focuses on numerous techniques that make it extremely difficult-risky to commit a crime. Moreover, studies have proven in geographical locations where community members worked together and were educated on crime prevention techniques, crime rates were less than in areas where these programs were absent.