Crohn’s disease is a condition in which the lining of your digestive tract becomes inflamed causing pain and discomfort.
Crohn’s disease is known as an IBD or inflammatory bowel disease.
The inflammation can spread to other parts of your body including bowel tissues.
This disease can cause serious diarrhea and stomach or abdominal pain. It often leads to severe pain that can trigger complications and make it hard to live a fulfilled life.
There is no known cure for this problem but there are a number of therapies and medications that can help ease symptoms and often lead to the disease going through a remission stage.
Remission means that you are having no signs or symptoms of the disease for a period of time.
The symptoms that usually occur with this disease range from mild to severe and can come with virtually no warning signs.
These symptoms usually include diarrhea, pain, cramping, bloody stool, ulcers, weight loss, feeling tired, having skin problems and even arthritis.
The reason you get diarrhea is because the disease makes your body produce and retain more water and salt than normal. Because you body is not able to absorb the excess it causes you to have diarrhea. This is usually the most common and first noticed problem associated with Crohn’s.
The pain and cramping is caused when your bowel swells. The swelling causes the contents in your intestines to not be able to move properly. This often causes nausea and in some cases even vomiting.
When your tissues become inflamed they can often bleed. You might find bloody stool after using the restroom. Sometimes you cannot even see the blood, but there are tests that can determine if this is happening without you being aware of it.
Because your intestines are being irritated, you can also develop ulcers. Ulcers are sores. You can also get these inside your mouth.
Because of the symptoms you are having, it is often normal for people suffering with this to become tired and experience weight loss.
There is no known cure, nor no known cause of this disease. Some think it might be hereditary, while others think it has something to do with immune system problems.
There are many medications that you can take but the majority of prescriptions can cause pretty horrible side effects.
Some medications your doctor might tell you about are steroids to reduce the inflammation, mesalamine, antibiotics, immune suppressants, and even simple pain relievers.
While many of these drugs contain major side effects that could cause other problems, some patients have tried them and had some relief from the symptoms. Others have no side effects at all and do very well on them.
You can also try changes in your diet and at the last resort surgery for this problem.
If you are having any of these symptoms, especially severe pain or blood in your stool, than you need to speak to you doctor. The same goes for medications. Please discuss the risks and benefits to some of these prescriptions before deciding on a regimen.
It often takes several tries and changes in lifestyle to find a plan that might work for you and the severity of your symptoms.
For more information, please visit the Mayo Clinic website or ask your doctor.