While it may be hard to imagine a country that doesn’t have some sort of army, navy, or air force there are still several countries that don’t have any military force. Why not? They feel that they don’t need them. These countries rarely have anything to fight about, so why have a military force when they aren’t needed.
Vatican City is known as the smallest country in world and has no military forces. They rely on the Swiss Guard for protection of the pope and the civil guard for policing the city. While Vatican City does not have any military forces, Italy does and Italy is responsible for protecting Vatican City. Italy’s armed forces number slightly lower than 200,000 people.
Nauru is a small island of the coast of Australia and is known as the smallest island country and smallest republic in the world, being just 8.1 square miles. Nauru has no military forces and relies on the Nauruan police to keep the country in order. While you may think that a small country like Nauru has no reason for military forces they have been attacked by Germany and have disputes with France regarding nuclear waste and testing by France near Nauru’s waters. In times that Nauru does need military forces they have made an agreement with Australia to supply military forces when needed.
Palau is one of the smallest and youngest sovereign states in the World. While Palau does not have a military force of their own they do have a treaty with the United States saying the United States will provide military protection for Palau as long as the American Military has access to Palau for 50 years. In addition to not having a military, Palau also has a nuclear free constitution which bans all use, storage, and disposal of nuclear chemicals, waste, gas, and weapons.
Costa Rica was the first country to stop the use of a standing military army. Costa Rica did at one time have a standing army, however after the Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, which killed 2,000 people the president at the time decided to abolish the use of an army. Today Costa Rica has the Fuerza Pública, which serves as the countries law enforcement and protection. Costa Rica does have frequent disputes with Nicaragua. If needed Costa Rica has agreements with the Unites States along with 20 other countries to provide military forces if needed.