There are many endangered animal species close to extinction in this world today. Many of us don’t realize how close these animals really are to disappearing off the face of the earth. Below are 10 animals that are the most endanger of going extinct if us, humans do not control our bad habits and help do something about it.
1. Polar Bears- Circumpolar Arctic
Polar Bears are in extreme danger of going extinct due to global warming. The rising temperatures are causing the ice in the seas to melt, especially during the summer months. Polar Bears depends in the sea for food and shelter. As the sea ice decreases, polar bears have to swim further to find a decent home and meal. Because of these problems, there are less than 25,000 polar bears left in the world today.
2.Giant Panda-Southwest China
Panda bears are also one of the most endangered bears for many reasons:
low reproduction rates – Pandas have a very short breeding season. When they do breed, they only give birth to one or two cubs.
Bamboo shortages- Bamboo plants bloom & die quickly. The plants bloom and die at the same time. When those plants die pandas move to different areas, but now with humans taking up much of the habitats home, there are less places that they can move to, causing starvation.
habitat destruction – With China’s population becoming more populated, more cities are being built to fit all these people, taking homes away from the pandas. Because of all these circumstances, there are only about 1600 panda bears left in the world today.
3. Borneo Pygmy Elephant- Northern Borneo
Pygmy elephants are increasingly threatened by logging and forest conservation for agriculture in their native land. More than 40% of the total forest area on the island has been lost to plantation development and settlement. Without these lowland forests, these elephants loose food. Oil palm plantation, one of the biggest threats to Borneo’s rainforests, is something that elephants cannot survive in. Because of this there are less than 1,000 Pygmy elephants left in the world today.
4. Black- footed Ferret – North American Great Plains
The Black Footed Ferret if the rarest native mammal in he U.S. It is a short legged, slender bodied weasel, and is currently one of the most endangered animals in the world. Massive hunting and poisoning against prairie dogs ( ferret’s main source of food), has cause the population to decline. Habitat loss has also been a cause of endangerment in this species. The sale of prairie land to crop land has left only 190 native prairie land left. Because of these problems there are less than 1,000 left in the world today.
5. Golden-Headed Langur- Vietnam
The Golden – headed Langur is one of the most endangered species of the Asian Columbine. This species only occurs on the Island a Cat Ba in the Gulf of Tonkon. The overall status of this species is critical, because of habitat fragmentation, the remaining amount left is now divided into seven, isolated sub-populations, most of which are all females, making it hard to reproduce at a steady rate. Because of this, there are less than 70 of the langurs left in the world today.
6. Sumatran Tiger – Sumatra, Indonesia
Sumatran tigers are dramatically endangered. Because of the habitat loss and hunting of these tigers, they have a population so small that most are now in captivity. It is now illegal to hunt these tigers, but it’s too late for that now. There are now only about 600 of these tigers left on earth, most of which are in captivity.
7. Cross River Gorilla – Nigeria and Cameroon
The Cross river gorilla is also one of the most endangered species. The continued fragmentation of their habitat across a large area, along with the threat from hunting and the already small number of gorillas left, has led to there being less than 300 of these gorillas left.
8. Vaquita – Gulf of California
The vaquita is one of the most endangered fish species in the world. Since 1996, its population is continuing to decline, with its death higher than its birth rate. The effects of pollution and reduced water flows have put this species in danger. With the birth rates lower than the losses, there are less than 250 of the fish left, and until this is reversed, the population will be declining more everyday.
9. Javan Rhinoceros – Java, Indonesia
The Javan rhinoceros is one of the red list as a critically endangered species. They are threatened by poaching, habitat destruction, loss, and fragmentation. Currently there are less than 50 mature ones and less than 250 immature ones. As a result of this, some populations may be too small to breed, making it harder to keep the population stable. Capture breeding and reintroduces our only hope for long – term survival of this species.
10. Mekong Giant Catfish – Mekong region of Southeast Asia
The Mekong Giant Catfish is critically endangered due to overfishing, the destruction of their spawning, and breeding grounds, and siltation. Over the past century the population numbers of this fish has dropped a dramatic 95%. According to experts, due to these problems, there are only a few hundred adults left. It is now illegal in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia to harvest these giant catfish, although illegal catching of these fish are still continuing.
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